Milialar disease is a serious and often fatal illness caused by a parasite called Plasmodium falciparum. The parasite is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Milialar disease is most common in sub-Saharan Africa, but it can also occur in other parts of the world, including Southeast Asia and Latin America.
The symptoms of milialar disease typically appear 7-14 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms include:
- Muscle aches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pale skin
- Rapid breathing
In severe cases, milialar disease can lead to death.
Milialar disease is diagnosed by a blood test. The blood test is used to detect the presence of the Plasmodium falciparum parasite.
Milialar disease is treated with antimalarial medications, such as artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). ACTs are the most effective treatments for milialar disease and should be started as soon as possible after diagnosis.
In some cases, people with milialar disease may need to be hospitalized to receive supportive care, such as intravenous fluids and blood transfusions.
The best way to prevent milialar disease is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. This can be done by taking the following precautions:
- Using insect repellent
- Wearing long sleeves and pants
- Using mosquito nets
- Staying indoors during peak mosquito hours
Milialar disease is a major public health problem in many parts of the world. In 2020, there were an estimated 241 million cases of milialar disease worldwide, and 627,000 deaths.
Children under the age of 5 are at the highest risk of developing milialar disease and dying from the disease. Pregnant women are also at increased risk.
Impact on society and the economy
Milialar disease has a significant impact on society and the economy. The disease can lead to lost productivity, school absenteeism, and increased healthcare costs.
In some cases, milialar disease can also lead to social unrest and political instability.
Milialar disease is a serious and often fatal illness. However, it is preventable and treatable. The best way to prevent milialar disease is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
If you are traveling to an area where milialar disease is common, it is important to talk to your doctor about taking antimalarial medications.