Different Types of Driving Licences in India – Check Validity Period & Renewal Process

Different Types of Driving Licences in India – Check Validity Period & Renewal Process


Driving licence are essential documents that authorize individuals to operate motor vehicles legally. In India, there are different types of driving licences issued by the Regional Transport Offices (RTOs) to cater to various vehicle categories and age groups. It is important for drivers to be aware of the validity period of their licence and understand the renewal process to ensure compliance with the law. This article will provide an overview of the different types of driving licences in India, their validity periods, and the renewal process.

Types of Driving Licences:

Learner’s Licence (LL): 

This licence is issued to individuals who are learning to drive. It is valid for a period of 6 months and serves as a provisional permit.

Permanent Driving Licence (DL): 

A permanent driving licence is issued once the learner’s licence holder passes the driving test. It is valid for 20 years or until the age of 50, whichever comes first. After 50, it needs to be renewed every 5 years.

Commercial Driving Licence (CDL): 

This licence is required for individuals who intend to drive commercial vehicles like taxis, buses, trucks, etc. It is valid for 3 years and needs to be renewed thereafter.

International Driving Permit (IDP): 

An IDP allows Indian citizens to drive in foreign countries. It is valid for one year from the date of issue.

Validity Period & Renewal Process:

To ensure that your driving licence remains valid, it is crucial to renew it before the expiration date. Here’s an outline of the renewal process:

Application Submission:

 Visit the nearest RTO or apply online through the Parivahan website and fill out the necessary forms.

Documents Required: Carry the following documents:

  • Filled-out application form
  • Original driving licence
  • Age and address proof (as required)
  • Passport-sized photographs

Payment of Fees: 

Pay the applicable fees for licence renewal. The fee structure may vary depending on the type of licence and the duration for which it needs to be renewed.

Medical Fitness Certificate: 

Some RTOs may require a medical fitness certificate from a registered medical practitioner. The certificate confirms that the applicant is physically fit to drive.

Renewal Process: 

Once the documents and fees are submitted, the RTO will process the application. If everything is in order, a new driving licence will be issued within a specific time frame.

Renewal Reminders and Online Services:

To facilitate the renewal process and ensure that drivers do not inadvertently drive with an expired licence, the Indian government has introduced various online services and renewal reminders. These services aim to simplify the process and save time for individuals.

Online Application: 

Many Regional Transport Offices now offer online renewal services, allowing applicants to submit their renewal applications digitally. This convenience eliminates the need for multiple visits to the RTO and reduces paperwork.

SMS/Email Notifications: 

To keep drivers informed about their licence’s expiration date, the RTOs send SMS or email notifications as a reminder to initiate the renewal process. These reminders serve as helpful prompts for drivers to take the necessary steps in a timely manner.

M-Parivahan App: 

The M-Parivahan mobile application has been launched by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. It provides various services, including driving licence renewal. Users can download the app, create an account, and access their digital driving licence. The app also sends renewal reminders and provides information about the renewal process.

Importance of Timely Renewal:

Driving with an expired or invalid licence is a legal offense in India and can result in penalties, fines, or even legal consequences. It is crucial to understand the importance of renewing your driving licence on time to avoid any inconvenience or legal troubles. Here are a few reasons why timely renewal is essential:

Legal Compliance: 

Driving with an expired licence is a violation of the Motor Vehicles Act, and law enforcement authorities can penalize offenders. Renewing your licence on time ensures that you are legally authorized to drive and helps you avoid legal complications.

Insurance Coverage: 

Most insurance policies require the driver to possess a valid driving licence. In the event of an accident or any other insurance claim, driving without a valid licence may lead to the denial of insurance coverage, leaving you personally liable for the damages.

Road Safety: 

Renewing your driving licence ensures that you stay updated with the latest traffic rules, regulations, and road safety guidelines. It serves as a reminder to brush up on your driving skills and knowledge, contributing to safer roads for everyone.

Identification Proof: 

A valid driving licence also acts as an identification document in many situations. It is widely accepted as a valid proof of identity and address in various governmental and non-governmental settings.

Suggested Read- Driving Licence Renewal


Possessing a valid driving licence is vital for all motorists in India. Understanding the different types of licences, their validity periods, and the renewal process is essential to ensure legal compliance and road safety. By staying informed about the requirements and adhering to the renewal process, drivers can continue to enjoy the privilege of driving and contribute to a safer transportation ecosystem in the country. Remember, driving responsibly is not only a legal obligation but also a duty towards oneself and others on the road.

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